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10 Most Interesting Facts About Elephants

Elephants are the largest animals in the world. The word elephant means ivory. In elephant females are cows and the males are bulls. Elephants have poor eyesight but an amazing sense of smell. Elephants enjoy swimming. The ears of an African elephant are often like to the map of Africa. They are also used to control body temperature. On hot days, elephants will flap their ears, circulating the blood in the network of veins, and returning to the head and body slightly cooler. It takes a female 22 months from conception to have a baby. This is longer than any other animal in the world. There are several facts about elephants. I have collected 10 most interesting facts about elephants. You guys will be amazed and enjoyed while read about them. These are:

Interesting Facts About Elephants

  1. There are 170 known fossil elephant species that inhabited the whole Earth, except for Australia and Antarctica. The elephants’ ancestors appeared 50 million years ago in North Africa, were pig sized and resembled a tapir. Elephants’ living closest relatives are sea cows, like manatees, dugongs and hyraxes.
  2. An elephant group can have 5-1,000 individuals and it is led by an old female called matriarch. A group can contain females and their calves. Young males are driven away from the family when mature, forming separate bachelor groups while mature bulls circulate freely from one clan to another in search for routing cows. The ties are so close amongst the member of a group that elephants are known to mourn for their dead.
  3. An elephant eats daily during the dry season 150-170 kg of food and drinks 80 liters of water, while during the rainy season they eat 200-280 kg of food daily.
  4. The life cycle of an elephant is fairly similar to that of a human. They begin mating around the age of 20 and have a life expectancy of around 70. The oldest elephant in captivity lived to the ripe old age of 86.
  5. They cannot survive more than 24 hours without drinking. That’s why elephants are never too far from a water source. Water is also essential for bathing each evening. Elephants are good swimmers and will immerse themselves completely when they find water deep enough. By covering themselves with dirt, elephants protect themselves against insect bites.
  6. An elephant’s trunk is an extension of its upper lip and nose, and contains around 40,000 individual muscles. Both types of African elephants have two finger-like nodules at the end of their trunks, Asian elephants have just one. Elephants use their trunks for many things, including gathering food and social interaction – elephants that know each other will often entwine their trunks as a sign of greeting.
  7. The folding of their skin helps them regulate their temperature and keep its humidity. The wrinkled skin retains 5-10 times more water than a smooth skin and the mud stuck on it dries much harder, keeping coolness for longer periods. The wrinkled skin also loses more heat, cooling down the animal.
  8. Researchers have found that male elephants will form same-sex relationships and will try to mate each other. Male elephants will also intertwine their trunks, ‘kiss’ and place their trunks in each others’ mouths.
  9. The heaviest elephant in the world weighed 26,000 pounds.
  10. Elephants use their feet to listen, they can pick up sub-sonic rumblings made by other elephants, through vibrations in the ground.
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